2 minute read


The std::map function is a highly useful function that allows us to create and manipulate associative arrays in the C++ programming language. However, we can often get errors from the compiler such as:

error: ‘map’ is not a member of ‘std’

This error is pretty straight-forward to fix as we will see below.

Potential causes

The map is not a member of std error could be caused by multiple reasons.

Fix #1: Add map to your dependencies

Essentially, the std::map function needs to have access to the map module in order to be executed by the compiler.

Therefore, you must add the following #include header to the top of your code (in the include(s) part) such as:

#include <map> //Add this

int main() {
    std::map<std::string, int> myMap;
    myMap["one"] = 1;
    return 0;

The compiler should now recognize the std::map function, thus fixing the map is not a member of std error.

Fix #2: Using namespace std

Note that we have previously typed: std::map instead of map. We can type “map” only if we are declaring that we are using its namespace.

In other words, we would need to type “using namespace std” in the header if we only want to type map (which is obviously shorter) instead of std::map. For instance, we can have something like:

#include <map>
using namespace std; //Add this

int main() {
    map<string, int> myMap;
    myMap["one"] = 1;
    return 0;

It is okay to type std::map without typing “using namespace std”. In fact, it is generally recommended to type the full std::map function name (and therefore avoiding using namespace std) when working with multiple libraries because it can reduce future confusion.

However, if you still want to type “map” instead of “std::map”, then you need to add “using namespace std” to the header.


Read more about the std::map function here: https://www.cplusplus.com/reference/map/map/